The Service Provider Resource Guide is based on consultations with Canadian caregivers, service providers, advocates and program planners, and on academic and other literature. It is grounded in specific values and principles, including:
- Autonomy through community: Personal autonomy (including respect, choice and self-determination) is enhanced not by appealing to individualism but rather by developing collective solutions to pressing community problems.
- Ecological modeling: A holistic understanding that connects the caregiver, the caring “environment”, and the more distant policy environment.
- Gender-based and diversity lens: That the roles, responsibilities, and access to resources vary by gender, race, ethnicity, level of ability and sexual orientation, creating a variety of caregiver needs and situations.
- Values/Principles based: Principle-based frameworks incorporate empirical evidence and ethical considerations to facilitate a move from approaches based on cost reduction, towards those that also recognize and value caregiving as a worthwhile activity. This perspective recognizes that service provision is driven by social values rarely acknowledge.
- Stakeholder/experiential involvement: Service provision must reflect the values and interests of those affected and accommodate to the realities of their environment.
- Life cycle perspective: Caregivers should not accumulate disadvantage that will later impose individual or public costs.
- Population Health Framework for Healthy Aging: Recognition that health is determined by both collective and individual factors, including: the social and economic environment, the physical environment, health services, personal health practices, and individual capacity and coping skills.